Migrating from Magento1 to Magento2 can be as daunting a task as migrating from any technical platform to another. Every step must go clean and error-free to avoid any migration hassles. So here, we have compiled a few preparatory yet extremely important steps to be followed before planning on migrating from Magento1 to Magento2.
This white paper includes:
- What is Magento?
- What should you know about magento2’s key marketing tools?
- Advantages of migrating from Magento1 to Magento2.
- Overview of steps to migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2.
- And some additional information on Magento.
Let’s cut to the chase and begin with knowing the basics about Magento.
What is Magento?
Magento has increasingly gained popularity for a variety of reasons in the recent past. It is one of the most popular open-source e-commerce CMS platform. Now a CMS is a Content Management System platform that manages the web content that many contributors create, edit, and publish. Though there are a lot of other CMS platforms gaining popularity. But, Magento has become a preferred choice for online merchants.
Now, especially, for the e-commerce merchants, who want to give their customers a better experience, migrating from magento1 to magento2 is a wise and business effective plan. It is also strongly recommended to migrate as Magento has ended all its support for Magento 1. So it becomes inevitably important for all the merchants on magento1 to migrate to magento2 to enjoy all of its enhanced functionalities.
Know about the magento’s key marketing features
Magento2 comes packed with the following solid marketing features.
- Fixing promotional offers for respective stores, categories, and products. Also making coupons for various stores, periods, and other products and categories.
- Giving free shipping offers to customers and offering some free discounts.
- One of the strongest features is segregation of customers offer promotions and merchandise according to their needs.
- It has a feature to personalize sales with collecting personal details like DOB, gender, etc. of the customers.
- System-generated email reminders and notifications for shopping carts that are put on hold.
- Making a loyal customer base and offering them reward points, store credits, private sales, etc.
How Magento 2 is advantageous over Magento1?
- An easier two-step check out process and not lengthy checkouts.
- Full-page caching: Magento2 does not require a third party plugin as it already comes with Varnish and Redis as caching services.
- Multiple master databases. This is an extremely important feature of magento2, where Magento supports individual databases for individual processes. For instance order management being maintained on a different database from that of the product’s database. It is to make sure that the admin’s activities do not interfere with the consumer’s activities and shopping experience.
- Magento2 also supports individual databases scalability. This is also essential to make sure that the store’s speed is enhanced as the inventory is spread over multiple servers.
Language support, payment gateways and the elastic search
- Another important feature of magento2 is that it creates updates for the content and also the preview for it without much hassle.
- Customers can have an enhanced shopping experience with the date and store view.
- Magento2 supports 33 languages to attract international customers.
- With its enabled elastic search, magento2 has a huge suggestion support for its users. This includes suggestions for wrong spellings, stop words, and also synonym management. But many of these features are edition specific and are available for the enterprise edition only.
- Magento2 also has stable and enhanced payment integrations available for the merchants to attach them to their stores. Payments’ integration systems like PayPal, Avalara, Sugnifyd are available on Magento version 2.2
Steps on migrating from Magento1 to Magento2.
As Magento ended its support for its previous versions, it owns responsibility and relentlessly renders support to its users. To ease out the process of migration for its consumers, Magento breaks down the migration process into four components as discussed below.
Here is the outline for the four core components.
- First is the data itself, which you want to migrate, and that too without losing any information.
- Extensions and custom code.
Before we discuss, each component, let’s take a look at the recommended steps for the same.
Recommended steps to consider before migrating from Magento1 to Magento2.
- Create a replica of your Magento 1.x database before starting the migration process. It is recommended to avoid any loss of crucial data. And backing up of data is important for its timely restoration in case if any errors occur.
- Now, an important point to consider is that, creating new entities is not recommended unless the migration is complete. Else old entities may overwrite the new ones.
- Remove redundant or recurring data. Example is of logs, order quotations, visitors, recently viewed items, etc.
- Limiting or even stop all the administrative activities during the data migration process. Especially for the Magento commerce, archiving all the orders is a wise step. To follow a complete guide on how to install magento2, visit litextension
- Magento2 can be downloaded from repo.magento.com or GitHub. After downloading magento2, download the data migration tool (discussed further in the paper).
- Before installing the data migration tool, system requirements and other preconditions need to be checked. Now for the data migration tool, also check the edition you are migrating to. Like open-source to commerce, or commerce to commerce. For example, if you have an enterprise version of your Magento 1 then use commerce to commerce, and so on.
- Do not start Magento 2 Cron jobs.
Let’s talk about the data primarily out of the four components, which is the baby here that needs the utmost care while migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2.
A merchant’s store certainly has a huge amount of data. It includes products, customer- base, their order data, offers and promotions, and the other type of relevant data. Magento provides an efficient data migration tool to migrate all the data safely. The tool supports Magento versions of 1.x i.e. 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, and 1.9 (which is Magento open source, also known as Community Edition). And for the enterprise edition of the Magento commerce, the versions are 1.11, 1.12, 1.13, and 1.14.
Let’s also talk about a few technicalities that need strong consideration. So, the most recommended approach for migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is the ETL method i.e. extraction, transfer, and load. Because the ETL method has the least amount of downloading time of all the approaches. It is the most preferred approach of Magento specialists.
Installation and Configuration of the data migration tool
Now, the proper installation and configuration of the data migration tool makes an important part of the “data migration” process while migrating from magento1 to magento2. Version compatibility of magento2 with the data migration tool is extremely important. (To know your version store, reach out to the Magento2 root directory using SSH. Use the “PHP bin/Magento –version” command to know the version. ) For extensive coverage on installation and configuration of data migration tool , read out the extensive guide here.
Extensions and Custom Code
Then comes, the extensions and the custom code of your previous version of Magento. But these are not readily compatible with the newer version. Though, Magento has taken care of updating a lot of popular extensions. And have blended them well in the newer version. But, you can always use these extensions in magento2 by either downloading them or purchasing them on the Magento marketplace.
Themes and customizations:
To start using magento2, you need to either have a custom theme or install a theme. Magento gives its users several options through the Magento marketplace, to have a great user experience. Now, migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 for your store, will largely depend on the construction of your original store. And how much customization your store has on Magento1. All of your customized code need to be safely migrated to your new destination. After having everything migrated, you need to check, whether your store on the new Magento is aptly functioning.
Additional information on Magento:
Now, an Adobe company, Magento has gone through several levels of acquisitions. California based, US company named Varien, brought Magento to life in the year 2008 on the PHP platform. Post which, the company is only set to roll on its success journey.
The particular release of Magento 2 was announced in 2010, but the merchant beta version was released officially in 2015. But Magento2 and its related versions have certainly revolutionized the magento’s existence. It is faster, runs in compliance with the latest version of PHP, and uses other PHP frameworks also like the Laminas and Symphony, and is SEO friendly. Many issues were resolved in the upgraded version of magento2. It can now handle more orders per hour and the loading time of the page in Magento 2 is faster than magento1.
Magento in the first place offered an outstanding experience for its customers as well as merchants. But magento2 has certainly surpassed its previous versions in providing and upgrading functionalities for providing a premium experience to its user base. There isn’t any reason to think twice about migrating from magento1 to magento2. It certainly is a better experience for admins, merchants, and its customers. Hence giving an overall smoother experience.